Band - This type of oil filter wrench possesses a firm metal band that's fastened at each side to a handle. The looped band is positioned around the filter and the handle is turned counter-clockwise, that puts tension on the band, getting it to grip the filter.
This specific oil filter wrench is basically a metal band that has a pivoting adjustment hinge and a handle. One kind of band wrench also has an additional hinge for the handle. This type is popular since the device permits considerably better positioning in restricted areas.
There is even a 4-in-1 band oil filter wrench featuring a single swivel handle assembly and 4 exchangeable bands to be exchanged to accommodate filter sizes from 2-3/8 to 4-3/8'.
Socket (End Cap) - Another common model of wrench utilizes a plastic or metal socket-shaped cup. The cup is positioned around the end of the filter, this engages the knurling. A socket type oil filter tool is utilized along with a socket wrench and ratchet like a regular socket. The socket type can get stuck around the filter and usually requires a whack to release it. Take advantage of the socket type tool if you do not have enough clearance around the oil filter to use a band, strap, chain or pliers type.
Strap - A strap oil filter wrench features a nylon belt that has been fastened to a metal bar. A 1/2' square drive tool is used to turn the bar which in turn tightens the strap once you turn. The strap wrench has the broadest range of filter diameters up to 6'' (152mm).
Chain - The chain wrench is similar to the strap wrench but makes use of a chain rather than a nylon strap. The loop of chain is positioned all around the filter, and a hexagonal bar is spun counter-clockwise by hand until the chain is tight all around the filter. The socket wrench is now used to turn the actual bar and tighten the chain, which bites on to the metal filter housing avoiding slippage. This wrench also offers a wide variety of filter sizes.
Pliers - Pliers feature extended dual handles which allow for greater power to take off extra-tight filters. Most pliers are made from forged steel for extra durability and have handles which are usually plastisol-coated for a strong grip. They come in common (non-variable jaws) and adjustable jaws.
Regular Oil Filter Wrench Pliers produce power for very difficult filters. One can choose from different sizes like a 3-5/8' jaw which addresses many different filters from 2-15/16 to 3-5/8' (75 to 92mm) as well as a 3-1/8 jaw which is good for 2-3/4 through 3-1/8' (70 to 79mm) diameter filters. Yet another size does the job with filters from 3-1/8 to 3-5/8'. Large filter pliers detach oil filters from 4-1/2 to 5-3/4'.
Adjustable Oil Filter Wrench Pliers handle the entire range of filter removals from 2' through 5' (50mm to 125mm) across. A ratchet and lock system permit many different options to get a sure fit, getting rid of slippage. They've got serrated jaws to hold on to the filter considerably better.
Spider (Claw, Jaw) - Last of all, there is also a type of adjustable gear-driven wrench that has three geared metal prongs, twin jaw plates, two clamping legs or a very similar configuration which is used with a 3/8' ratchet driver. When the driver is rotated counter-clockwise the prongs, jaws or legs squeeze the filter body tighter.
Filter diameters between 2-1/2 to 3-3/4' are frequently accommodated in 2 wrench sizes. This particular type is very effective on tight filters and may be utilized in more confined spaces similar to a socket type along with the additional feature of fitting many filter types.