This is the subject which deals with plastic surgery and reconstruction of eyes and related parts of the eye along with the face in cases where the problem is by birth or acquired. It aims at improving function, comfort and appearance. These procedures include repair of droopy eyelids, repair of tear duct obstructions, orbital fracture repairs and removal of tumors in and around the eyes.
Many people develop droopy eyelids, or 'ptosis', as they age. As the eyelid droops, vision may be impaired due to the eyelid covering the front of the eye The most common cosmetic problem is drooping of the upper eyelid (ptosis) which if too severe can on occasions lead to lazy eye (amblyopic) in children. The bony orbit as well as the lids could be site of injury related damage. The orbit can also harbour tumors and lead to forward protrusion of the eye (proptosis).
The eye socket contains the muscles that move the eye and the bones and fat that protects it. Occasionally, the socket may be affected by injury, inflammation, tumors, or by certain medical disorders. Repair of tear duct obstructions prevents tears from running out of the eyes and down the face, in some cases without even an incision. (Endonasal approach).
Repair of traumatic orbital fractures may prevent double vision as well as a sunken eye appearance. Droopy eyebrows being raised through tiny incisions hidden in the hairline.
Symptoms of oculoplasty
Q. When to go for Oculoplasty ?
People of any age group can have problems with the areas around the eyes. Some conditions can be present in children, as birth defects, or appear in early childhood. These conditions in children need to be addressed early as they may hamper visual development, and lead to lazy eye (amblyopia).